martes, 6 de marzo de 2012

MUST BE SET BACK: GENOCIDE AND CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY?


PLEASE TAKE A LITTLE TIME AND READ 


SMALL PARAGRAPH OF SOMETHING BIG. (Remember, we are in the XXI century)

Genocide, whether committed in peacetime or in wartime is considered a crime under international law. Both the   Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide of 1948 as the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court ( ICC ) 1998, which in addition to the crime of genocide incumbent's crimes against humanity , the war crimes and the crime of aggression , collect an identical definition
Agreement or the London Charter of 8 August of 1945 , establishing the Statute of the Nuremberg Tribunal , defined as "crimes against humanity" "murder, extermination, enslavement, deportation and other inhumane acts committed against the civilian population, or religious persecution, racial or political persecution if such acts or made ​​in connection with any crime against peace or any war crime. "Applicability of the Convention on war crimes and crimes against humanity considers gender genocide   crimes against humanity
Next to punish genocide related crimes, which are the association to commit genocide, direct and public incitement, the attempt and complicity .(Internal and external?)
Some of the criticism of the scope of the concept of genocide focus on the fact that is not considered as such only acts performed against national, ethnic, racial and religious, not made for other reasons, such as social or political . While the initial draft of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide contemplated and extended the definition of genocide to these killings, it was later deleted the reference to the need for support from the communist bloc (represented mostly by the USSR ), which objected to this usage .
This restriction of the concept, say these voices, it can mean the atonement of governmentstotalitarian during the twentieth century   they killed more than 100 million of its own citizens.In any case, these acts could be described as   crimes against humanity , constitute an international crime in accordance with Article 7 of the Statute of the International Criminal Court .(A which would add SUCH AS SOON: Next to punish genocide related crimes, which are theassociation to commit genocide, incitement directly and publicly, the attempt andcomplicity . INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL?)
The definition of crimes against humanity or crimes against humanity contained in the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court includes conduct defined as murder , extermination ,deportation or forcible displacement, imprisonment, torture , rape , prostitution, forced, forced sterilization , persecution for political, religious, ideological, racial, ethnic or other expressly defined,enforced disappearance , abduction or any other inhumane act to cause severe suffering or threatens the mental or physical health of the person who suffers, provided that such conduct was committed as part of widespread or systematic attack against any civilian population with knowledge of the attack.
I.These acts also called crimes against humanity. Leso means offended, hurt, offended: hence a crime against humanity that identifies a crime which by its aberrant nature, offend, offends, insults to humanity as a whole. (Repeat: HUMANITY AS A WHOLE. THE WHOLE WORLD?)
Types of Crimes
According to the Rome Statute , may constitute crimes against humanity the 11 types of acts:
                    Murder : intentional murder.
                    Extermination : intentional infliction of conditions of life, including the deprivation of access to food and medicine, calculated to bring the destruction of part of a population.
                    Slavery : exercise of rights of ownership over a person, including trafficking in persons, especially women and children
                    Deportation or forcible transfer of population: expulsion of people from the area where they are lawfully present without grounds permitted under international law, provided that the deportation involves crossing national boundaries and forced relocation, no.
                    Imprisonment or other severe deprivation of physical liberty in violation of fundamental rules of international law.
                    Torture : pain or suffering, physical or mental, is intentionally inflicted on a person caused the defendant had custody or control.
                    Rape , sexual slavery, prostitution, forced pregnancy, forced sterilization, forced or other sexual abuses of comparable gravity: rape and other sexual abuse may also constitute other crimes within the jurisdiction of the Court, as torture as a crime against humanity or crime of war .
                    Persecution of a group or collectivity on political identity, racial , national, ethnic, cultural, religious or gender or other grounds that are universally recognized as impermissible under international law , in connection with any crime within the statute.Persecution means the intentional and severe deprivation of fundamental rights in violation of international law by reason of the identity of a group or community. It is punishable under another act which constitutes a crime against humanity, a war crime or a  genocide .
                    Forced disappearance of persons : detention or abduction of persons by a Stateor a political organization, or with the authorization, consent or acquiescence, along with the refusal to acknowledge that deprivation of freedom or to provide information on the fate of the "disappeared" with intent to deprive them of the protection of the law for a long period.
                    Crime of Apartheid : inhumane acts committed in the context of an institutionalized regime of systematic oppression and domination by one racial group by another with the intention of maintaining that regime.
II. Other inhumane acts of a similar character intentionally causing great suffering or threaten bodily or mental or physical health: inhumane acts of similar gravity to other crimes against humanity.(Repeat: HUMANITY AS A WHOLE. THE WHOLE WORLD?)

III. In 1946, the General Assembly of the United Nations confirmed the principles of international law recognized by the Statute of the Tribunal and proclaimed resolution 96 (I) on the crime of genocide, defined as "a denial of the right of existence of entire human groups", including "racial, religious or political," urging to take necessary measures for the prevention and punishment of this crime.


SOME EXAMPLES
In A War, advances to disarm or defeat the enemy, but not mass murder for the purpose. Hiroshima and Nagasaki (Qualifying in Genocide)
Palestine and Israel, Libya and Syria, are qualified in Against Humanity
AFRICA
SOUTH AMERICA, With coups. (Prompted)
In all of them: the association to commit genocide, incitement directly and publicly, the attempt and complicity
The Soviet Union vetoed it at the time, today they would all 5 members with veto power
POLICY: I understand all the acts involved, not just administrative, economic and military also internal and external
Of course any forum Judicial endorse these comments.

BUT I FEEL A KNOT IN THE STOMACH, YOU KNOW WHAT IT IS. And with economic and military decisions, millions continue to die.

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